Basic provisions of the functioning of a human-oriented economy in the categories of a universal scheme of interaction

Theoretical bases of economics and management

Nowadays, human is becoming the central link in numerous studies and occupies a key role in them. Economics is no exception. The modern reality is such that the issue of considering a human-oriented economy is being actualized. In this article, the author attempts to analyze this economy as a system object with its interacting elements. The representation of a human-centered economy in this context makes it possible to form a holistic interpretation of the phenomenon under study. The purpose of this study is to build a universal scheme for the interaction of elements in a human-oriented economy through understanding it as a system object. The research methodology is based on the application of the highly productive categorical method “Universal scheme of interaction”. As a result, human-centered economy is presented as a system object. Comprehensive universal scheme for the interaction of elements within the framework of this economic system is constructed with the allocation of: an energy source (the needs of an organism as a biological being, the needs for material goods, the needs for services, the needs for social interaction, the needs for information, the needs for digital products, the needs for ideas, the needs in new knowledge); interacting resources (human, material, informational resources); the process of interaction in the relevant areas of activity (natural sphere, material sphere, service sphere, social sphere, infosphere, digital sphere, creatosphere, cognitive sphere); the result of this interaction (goods, services, ideas); the final effect (satisfaction of needs) and the object formation (formation and functioning of a human-oriented economy). The predominant flows in the process of satisfying diverse needs in a human-centered economy are highlighted. The central place of human in this economic system is confirmed and the key role of the creatosphere and the cognitive sphere in the formation, functioning and development of a human-oriented economy is proved. Promising research directions are the following: assessment of the level of development of a human-centered economy and the development of directions of controlling influence on individual elements and the economic system as a whole.