Analysis of the forms and types of support for commercialization of the results obtained in the implementation of innovative projects in developed countries and in Russia showed that at present there is a whole range of instruments in the world for direct and indirect stimulation of the use by business enterprises of the results of intellectual activity and the conduct of their own research and developments. One of the key problems of the low effectiveness of existing measures to support SMEs and the stimulation of commercialization of previously obtained results of intellectual activity is the lack of a culture of management and the introduction of these results. In innovative countries an innovative voucher is used to solve this problem. The proposed tool, an innovative voucher, can stimulate a kind of «revision» of accumulated knowledge and the creation of new ones that can be transformed into technologies and integrated into the economy through small business as a subject of the economy. In unstable economic conditions, it is rather difficult for Russian small business to find opportunities to invest its own funds in innovation. The innovation voucher can serve as a «bridge» between inventors and rationalizers and small and medium-sized businesses in the Russian regions and have a positive impact on the development of the industrial production sector, including high-tech, through the introduction of innovations by SMEs. Using an innovative voucher can give innovators and inventors an opportunity to better understand the market situation and provide a new round of business development based on innovation in a particular region.Currently, the social importance of inventiveness and innovation is undermined, including because inventors and rationalizers are not adequately rewarded for the results they have created, which forces them to «hold» the results obtained earlier, which eventually «dust up» and not Bring a positive socio-economic effect, neither to the inventor, nor to society as a whole.