Smart training in the system of advanced vocational training
The article shows the need of a transition from traditional and e-learning methods to smart education in accordance with the new requirements of the smart economy and smart society with the goal of achieving quality training. We have presented the basic principles of smart learning, such as flexibility training in an interactive learning environment, integrated learning environment, shared use of content by all universities, personalization and adaptation of learning. The approaches to forming smart environments in the educational process have been considered. We have substantiated the necessity of the following activities: structuring and systematization of information, implementation of electronic and mobile learning, supervision and assessment of educational outcomes, self-management of the process, the creation of a virtual social environment and media environment in the classroom. We have analyzed the process of adapting the standards of higher education under the principles of smart training. We have developed an algorithm for the process of smart learning with the formation of individual educational trajectories based on the individually-differentiated approach, in which we have identified three possible learning paths. We have suggested ways of adapting the educational system to the level of knowledge and individual capabilities of the student by measuring the exact start and end metrics (a set of indicators of the level of knowledge), choice of the individual educational trajectory of training, the formation of an electronic portfolio with the results of measurements of the initial and final metrics of the student for the analysis of the efficiency of the chosen educational path. Thus, learning based on smart technology helps to realize the inner potential through matching the content of the study course with the student’s own results, and building an individual educational program with an emphasis on the student’s personal qualities. We have proposed implementing the concept of «advanced» smart learning by implementing a practice-oriented approach to presenting the material. We have confirmed the importance of this research topic in the modern conditions where a new type of education is evolving, which will improve the quality of vocational training.