Port industrial complexes how the class representatives socio!economic ecosystems

Theoretical bases of economics and management

As domestic and foreign ports develop, their functions become more complex due to the development of technologies, changes in the organizational structure, various forms of ownership and their combinations. The current socio-economic development of enterprises, industries, and territories shows a tendency towards various kinds of associations – integration, agglomeration, etc. This leads to the formation of complex intersectoral, territorial, territorial and sectoral entities that require an appropriate management system. One of the forms of territorial-branch association is large seaports, which include port and production subsystems, forming port-industrial complexes (PIC). In Russia, the development of port and production subsystems is uneven. To a greater extent, this refers to the production subsystem, which has a significant potential to influence the development of the port area. This requires an appropriate management system. The system of strategic management and planning of the port and production subsystems needs a certain methodological support. The combination of territorial and sectoral elements underlying the development of the port-industrial complex requires a systematic approach to the study of this complex formation. The process of managing the development of the PIC, taking into account the influence of various factors, requires an adequate methodology, which is currently the systemic economic theory (SET). The port-industrial complex has categorical signs of a socio-economic ecosystem. This was the basis for the application in the study of the PIC model of the ecosystem (within the framework of the SET), including the object, business process, environmental and innovation components. Adaptation of the ecosystem model is the first stage (and the purpose of this work) to develop methodological support for the strategic management and planning system of the PIC. An adapted model of PIC as an ecosystem can act as a system for assessing the state of its development. The study also structured its production subsystem, with the result that the allocation of its main components was justified: clusters, platforms, networks and incubators. This structuring made it possible to identify problems and assess development opportunities within each component, which, in the future, will allow developing a balanced ma