Modern concepts of production organization: principles, conditions

Economy and management of enterprise and complexes

Expansion of market demand in terms of the diversity and volume of enterprises production, development of new digital technologies and smart materials, active processes of digitalization and digital transformation of enterprises necessitate introduction of new concepts for organizing production. In the conditions of scientific and technological development, demand is distinguished by customized parameters of particular client’s orders and expectations of tight deadlines, high performance and quality. A batch now comprising only a single item, a single service is becoming the feature of modern production. At the same time, there is also a need for a competitive advantage in the form of faster response and delivery of finished products to customers. The trend in the development of enterprises is to quickly form a technological line and organize the production chain for a specific order. As an object of the study, the article considers production systems and the main concepts of modern production organization: reconfigurability, efficiency, intelligence, consistency. Reconfiguration requires large investments in the creation of an enterprise, it is characterized by an increase in the production areas of the enterprise and the composition of capacities, but it ensures the preservation of production efficiency in conditions of unstable demand, increases the competitiveness and image of the enterprise, and guarantees the preservation of a set of customers. The purpose of the study is to analyze modern concepts of the organization of production and consider the tasks to be solved when introducing a system of reconfigurable responsive production. The authors consider a reconfigurable production system as an adaptive production system, the setting of which is carried out by changing its structure, the composition of the applied production and software elements. The purpose of such adaptation is to maintain productivity and efficiency when the order market, external and internal conditions change. The article formulates the conditions, principles and recommendations for their application. It is shown that the increase in production efficiency should be based on the integrated application of modern concepts of production organization. A mathematical formulation of the problem of selecting the composition of production capacities and the problem of managing the flow of incoming orders is presented. An assessment of production efficiency is formulated, including economic and time components.