Effect of GDP energy intensity on the quality of life: assessment indicators and methods of state support

Regional and branch economy

Energy supply is an integral factor in the social and economic development of any country. The global geopolitical situation is constantly changing and strongly influencing the domestic policy of energy-importing countries as they develop and support their energy independence. In this regard, more and more scientific and financial resources are spent on improving the efficiency of energy in all cycles from extraction to consumption. More and more countries regard energy efficiency, ecology and energy security as priorities of their energy policy. State regulation is a fundamental factor in the support and development of the energy sector. The methods of state regulation can be divided into direct impact methods and methods of indirect impact. The efficiency of a country’s industry can be estimated using the GDP energy intensity indicator, which together with the per capita energy accessibility indicator can determine the degree of development and quality of life in the country. The world enters a new stage of energy development, when after many decades of continuous growth of energy consumption, economic growth began to "break away" from the growth of energy consumption for the first time. The volumes of primary energy consumption have stabilized in many of the most economically and technologically advanced countries, and have already begun to decline gradually in some. A number of countries are taking steps to abandon the use of nuclear energy, and are investing in the development of renewable energy. Russia, along with other world leaders, strives to build its energy policy in accordance with the current situation. In order to innovate the development of energy systems in Russia, a number of programs have been adopted at the legislative level. One of them is the state program "Energy Efficiency and Energy Development". The main objectives of this program are to increase the competitiveness, financial stability, energy and environmental safety of the Russian economy, and to increase the level and quality of life of the population by fulfilling the energy-saving potential and increasing energy efficiency through modernization, technological development and transition to a rational and environmentally responsible use of energy resources