The article describes the methodical aspect of constructing index schemes for analyzing complex structured phenomena of an economic nature based on Varzar’s ideology as two- or three-factor multipliers. The index method is widespread in branch-specific analytics, , in particular, in industrial branches of the real sector of the national economy. Using the group of price indices for measuring the dynamics of the actual production volumes, for analyzing the dynamics of purchase, wholesale, selling, contractual marketing, transfer and other prices and tariffs, for calculating the inflation during monitoring has been tested and has proved a trustworthy method; the theory behind the index method itself is well-developed in Russian statistical theory, which allows, in our opinion, to reliably measure the structural component of the inflationary spiral. It is studying the structure of cost inflation that is of special interest for academic economists in connection with searching for exit strategies from the protracted crisis. attribute factors. This article reveals for the first time a method for assessing the effect of cost inflation which forms the above-mentioned structural component, using as an example machinery manufacturing for two selected time periods and three specified attribute factors. For illustrating the construction of an index scheme, the paper presents visuals of the planar and the spatial procedures for analyzing the factor increments of the process of cost forming as an effect of combined changes, reflecting the structural features of the inflationary motion. he stages of the study conducted are provided with comprehensive commentary on the results of the analytical expansion of production costs with respect to its structure, unit costs and the prices of the purchased raw materials used. We believe that the advantages of the offered measurement technique are obvious.