Nowadays the solution to the problem of housing sufficiency and availability in Russia is a strategically important problem of the state. This goal is expressed in financing a wide range of social programs in the considered area and support of housing projects. In the article the authors analyze the current state of the housing stock in Russia, research problems of housing deficiency in a historical aspect and explore tendencies of housing development both on regional and national levels. Assessment of the housing stock regarding qualitative and cost characteristics is an important component of the analysis. The authors suggest and calculate a complex amenities indicator of housing stock for Russia and for foreign countries and, as a result, make a comparative analysis; they also analyze dynamics of the ratio between population income and housing cost in the country.